A bit of history ..
Constitution Day of Spain and an additional day off (December 6).


The victory of democratic values after more than 30 years of the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco (1939 - 1975) has opened a new page in Spanish history. Franco proclaimed Spain a kingdom only in 1947 and only in 1969 the name of the future king was announced - Juan Carlos de Borbon, the official successor of Franco.
During the reign of Francisco, the country's economy developed rapidly.


By 1960, Spain ranked second, after Japan, in the world.

Another feature of the rule of this "dictator" was the strong demographic rise of the country.

Severe punishment for abortion and sexual orientation popularized the institution of the family.

This extraordinary leader died in November 1975, and on December 15, 1976, on the initiative of the accession to the throne of King Juan Carlos I, the Law on Political Reform in Spain was adopted, putting an end to the established political system of Francoism.

A parliament was formed - the Constituent Cortes, consisting of two chambers: the Congress of Deputies and the Senate. In 1977, the Cortes elected a multi-party Constitutional Commission of seven members - communists, socialists, nationalists and democrats.
The Constitution of Spain was created a year and a half, by all the leading parties together.
On October 31, 1978, the Cortes approved the draft constitution, and on December 6, a constitutional referendum took place, at which the new main Spanish law was finally adopted by a majority vote - more than 65% of the voters.
Of the nearly 27 million Spaniards who had the right to vote at that time, about 18 million voted, of which only one and a half million voted against, and almost 700 thousand ballot papers were declared invalid by the commission.


The king showed his foresight, having carried out democratic reforms almost immediately after entering the throne, legitimizing political parties (1977) and dismissing the Francoist "phalanx". On the basis of the Constitution of Spain, ratified by a popular referendum on December 6, 1978 and proclaimed on December 27 of the same year, which recognizes the King as a symbol of national unity and the rightful heir to the historical dynasty. The king was declared the successor not of Franco, but of the historical monarchy, and civil rights and freedoms were guaranteed. Regions gained more independence (Spain has become a federal state).